Dating world net turkish
The Almoravid territory in north Africa stretches along the coast as far as Algiers.
Spain, across the narrow Straits of Gibraltar, is a natural extension.
Their natural ferocity and love of warfare, together with the sense of moral rectitude provided by their new religion, form an irresistible combination.
When Muhammad dies in 632, the western half of Arabia is Muslim.
A century later the authority of the Ismaili caliphs has crumbled.
With a Berber army he crosses the straits of Gibraltar and enters Spain.
The north African coast remains from now on in Muslim hands, but it proves impossible to exercise effective control over it from the centre of the caliphate - whether in Damascus or Baghdad. These include the Idrisids (established from 790 in Fez) and the Aghlabids (ruling from 800 in Kairouan).
Two years later the entire peninsula has been brought to the faith, and Muslim armies have moved up into the desert between Syria and Mesopotamia.
The Arab conquest of Egypt and North Africa begins with the arrival of an army in640 in front of the Byzantine fortified town of Babylon (in the area which is now Old Cairo).
The Arabs continue rapidly westwards along the coast of North Africa, capturing Cyrenaica in 642 and Tripoli in 643. For nearly three decades the Arabs make little progress in subduing the indigenous Berber inhabitants of this coastal strip.