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After 14 June 1814 - Vase of Siberian Jasper, Merton College, Oxford University, Oxford (England).
Danziger's article also depicts a "vase of Siberian jasper sent to Merton College by Tsar Alexander I [1777-1825] & his sister Ekaterina Pavlovna [1788-1819] in thanks after lodging there [during the peace celebration] on the night of 14 June 1814." (This is similar to the vase [qv] given by Russia to the Peace Palace in The Hague 100 years later.) 1814-1854, 1856 - Stoodley Pike Monument, West Yorkshire (England).
Thus Oxford played a unique role in the Peace of 1814, and its two modest 1814 peace monuments -- see below -- have quietly marked this momentous event for over 200 years.
This puts the two Oxford monuments among the earliest examples of "peace monuments" anywhere & makes them contemporaries of the Stoodley Pike Monument in West Yorkshire (qv). Inscribed: "'PEACE was proclaimd In the CITY of OXFORD JUNE 1814.' There is a more modern inscribed stone immediately below the peace stone, which adds no information whatsoever: 'THE STONE ABOVE COMMEMORATES THE PEACE OF 1814.' In 1814 this peace stone was set in the north side of the tower of the original [11th century] medieval Church of St. This church was in the centre of the City of Oxford where four roads meet, and it was also the City Church." 1814 - Peace Stone, Plain Roundabout, Oxford (England). Inscribed "PEACE was proclaimed in the City of OXFORD JUNE 27 1814." The roundabout marked the eastern entrance to Oxford from the London direction in 1814 (St. Information courtesy of Stephanie Jenkins & Tim Myatt.
"Conference Tables in History" from Stoneline Designs Conference Table Blog. (1931), "The History of Peace: A Short Account of the Organized Movements for International Peace," G. Click here for monuments related to peace treaties. May 22, 1787 - Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade, London (England).
The ethical pacifism of these first societies was later strengthened by ideas emanating from France which saw international law as an alternative to wars and as a way to solve international conflicts." -- From Santi (1991) & Andr Durand (1996).This is perhaps due to the fact that peace conferences, as a whole, did not live up to their own aspirations.See the following on-line sources of information: "Peace Congress," Wikipedia article.And one of the things they wanted to do was to visit the famous university town of Oxford, one of the very few places in the country, incidentally, where the Prince Regent could rely on a warm welcome.At the prospect, 'every heart fluttered with expectation and delight.'" -- From "Big Junket" by Christopher Danziger (2015).
Stoodley Pike is a 1,300-foot (400 m) hill in the south Pennines, noted for the 121 foot Stoodley Pike Monument at its summit, which dominates the moors above Todmorden.