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Athletics is mostly an individual sport, with the exception of relay races and competitions which combine athletes' performances for a team score, such as cross country.
Organized athletics are traced back to the Ancient Olympic Games from 776 BC.
Athletics is part of the Paralympic Games since the inaugural Games in 1960.
sporting competition based primarily on human physical feats.The first organized international competitions for athletes with a physical disability (not deaf) began in 1952, when the first international Stoke Mandeville Games were organized for World War II veterans. This inspired the first Paralympic Games, held in 1960.Competitions would over time be expanded to include mainly athletes with amputations, cerebral palsy and visual impairment, in addition to wheelchair events.and in 1840 in Shrewsbury, Shropshire at the Royal Shrewsbury School Hunt.The Royal Military Academy at Woolwich held an organised competition in 1849, and a regular series of closed meetings open only to undergraduates, was held by Exeter College, Oxford from 1850.
The athletics meeting forms the backbone of the Summer Olympics.